Ever since democracy was adopted in many countries throughout the world, loopholes have emerged and driven an otherwise straightforward process of governance into a source of conflict. However, it doesn’t mean democracy has no merits. In many democracies, these conflicts usually stem from a complex inter-connected web of needs that stay unaddressed for a prolonged period. In Syria the situations have increased conflicts in between tribes, wars with government and the population at large.
Conflicts in democracies have been brought about chiefly by a variety of factors. These include economic, political, and military factors. Politics causes conflict when people think that the government is denying them their human rights through unequal distribution of resources. It also occurs when people accuse the government of embezzling funds and using natural resources for individual benefit.
In most cases, conflicts originate from two or more ethnic tribes and escalates to the national level. This is because of tribal affiliations, ethnic affiliations, and political views of those involved. This often happens in places where there are two or more major tribes, and each feel that they deserve more than the other. Whenever there is a sense than one tribe is benefitting a lot than the other, conflicts will arise.
The government can also be accused of distributing resources in an unequal way. As a result, there is formation of rebel groups and other factors that eventually cause conflicts. In Syria, for example, oil reserves have been abandoned as a result of the conflicts over them. As a result, mining companies cannot operate in the region and the economy has suffered as a result. Any attempts by the government to hold on to these resources draws even more conflict and division.
With divisions in the military the country is left with an army that is dysfunctional. The army becomes an instrument for committing crimes against civilians and preventing the people from voicing their opinions against poor governance as well as corruption, among other factors. A divided army is always subject to crimes including theft, extortion, and human rights violations which aren’t addressed in war torn countries.
Greed amongst the political class has brought about conflicts in democratic countries. While the hardworking taxpayers are contributing money for building up infrastructure and service provision, politicians might embezzle the funds leading to protests and eventually conflicts. The major cause of conflict in these situations is the existence or pro-government and anti-government groups which often clash leading to a nationwide war.